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15th/16th May 1943 to
A heavy raid on Sunderland caused much damage and many casualties. The surrounding area also suffered, Seaham Harbour in particular. Propaganda leaflets accompanied the bombs in some instances.
02.00-03.00.. Sunderland.. A heavy attack, widespread damage and many buildings destroyed. A nearby PM badly damaged the premises of Henry Moat and the adjacent Dun Cow Street fire station was slightly damaged. The crater was the largest of any in Sunderland - 99'across and 40'deep.
02.00-03.00.. Sunderland.. Another attack. Flares dropped. IBs hit oil storage tank at T.W. Greenwell& Co, South Dock works. Dock badly damaged and out of use till October. Another serious fire at British Ropes. Third big fire destroyed King's Theatre. Fourth destroyed Avenue Paint Works. (Two weeks later two bombs dropped on Paint Works rubble.
Sunderland.. Full details are given in the table below, the area is briefly covered by the rest of this paragraph.. Alexandra Park - Crowtree Road - Alderson Street - Ennerdale - Azalea Terrace - King's Theatre - Barnard Street - Cleveland Road - Otto Terrace - Laing's - Laburnum Road - Bright Street - Parkside Terrace - Gladstone Street - Cairns Road. Casualties:- seventy-one killed, eighty-two seriously injured and one hundred and forty-three slightly injured. PMs, HEs, firepots and many IBs fell in various parts of the town causing considerable damage.
The following is a complete copy of the ARP report, but times and abbreviations are formatted differently.
REPORT OF AIR RAID DAMAGE - SUNDAY 16th MAY 1943.
At 01.40 on Sunday 16th May 1943, the "Purple" message was received, the Air Raid Warning was sounded at 01.44 and the Air Raid message "White" received at 03.09.
Parachute mines, HE Bombs, firepots and many incendiary bombs were dropped in various parts of the town causing considerable damage to premises and inflicting a large number of casualties both killed and injured.
HOUSES.. It is estimated that 200 houses have been demolished or to be demolished, and 10,000 seriously and slightly damaged. 800 men are engaged on first aid repairs.
FOOD STORES.. The following is a summary of the Food Stores affected:- Demolished.. Seven retailers - three licensed premises - a Brewery - a Cafe. Seriously damaged.. Two retailers - a licensed premises - a factory - a dairy. Slightly damaged.. Two wholesalers - sixty-five retailers - ten licensed premises.
CHURCHES.. Damage was caused to the following Churches and Chapels:- St Maud's Mission, Sea Road - Williamson Terrace PM Chapel - Roker Congregational Church, Roker Baths Rd - Roker Wesleyan Church, Roker Park Road - Bright Street Chapel - Royalty Congregational.
THEATRES.. Serious Damage was done to the King's Theatre, Crowtree Road.
OTHER BUILDINGS.. Other premises and works damaged were:- Young's Garage, Roker - T.W. Greenwell& Co - South Dock - S.P. Austin& Co - J. Dickinson and Sons - British Ropes - Sir James Laing& Sons - Electricity Offices, Dunning St - J.L. Thompson& Sons, North Sands& Manor Quay - Fulwell Transport Depot - Avenue Paint Works - "Fire Queen" and three tugs in the River - Richardson Westgarth& Co.
CASUALTIES.. The total casualties were - seventy killed (eventually reaching seventy-five); seventy-three seriously injured and one hundred and twenty-five slightly injured. All services were fully extended and assistance was received from other Authorities and the Military. Assistance was also given by the Ministry of Information with their loudspeaker vans, and by Rediffusion Ltd., in allowing the Controller to broadcast over their relay system.
MORTUARIES.. Two mortuaries were opened. Seven bodies were identified at St Mark's and fifty at Hallgarth. No corpse remains unidentified.
REST AND FEEDING CENTRES.. The following Rest and Feeding Centres were opened at which 660 people were accommodated and fed:-
|REST CENTRES.||FEEDING CENTRES.|
|Chester Road.||Chester Road.|
|Commercial Road.||Simpson Street.|
|Simpson Street||Grange Park.|
|Plains Farm||Barbara Priestman Hall.|
|Grange Park||Commercial Road.|
|Dock Street||Carol Street Restaurant.|
|Herrington St Restaurant.|
A large number of people were evacuated owing to unexploded bombs, some of which have not yet been cleared. Sections of the Sunderland-Newcastle road and the Sunderland-Durham road were stopped to traffic due to the UXBs. The patients at Monkwearmouth& Southwick Hospital were evacuated on the 17th to Cherry Knowle Hospital and Municipal Hospital owing to a UXB in the vicinity, but this was removed on Tuesday the 18th and the patients returned to the Hospital that day.
ADMINISTRATION CENTRES.. Administration Centres were opened at St Mary's RC School, Bishopwearmouth Church Hall and Monkwearmouth Central School, Swan Street. These centres were opened to give advice to people in bombed areas on Air Raid Damage problems and the staff's were available at the Centres from 11.00 Sunday 16th. Approximately 4,000 enquiries have been made at Monkwearmouth Central and 2,000 at St Mary's and Bishopwearmouth. The following Depts were represented:- Assistance Board - Food Office - National Registration Office - Citizens' Advice Bureau - Searcher Service - Military Assistance Officer - Town Clerk's Office - Billeting Officer - Casualty Bureau - Public Assistance Office - Evacuation Department - Information Centre.
BILLETING.. 1,298 homeless consisting of 550 families on the north side of the River and 678 homeless comprising 230 families on the south side have been found billeting accommodation.
WATER SUPPLY.. Considerable damage was done to water mains in different parts of the town. Repair Gangs worked continuously throughout Sunday the 16th and Monday the 17th. Most of the mains were repaired by Sunday night or early Monday. Three fractures stopped the water supply to a large part of the Roker area and water cartage was commenced at 18.00, Monday and continued until 16.00, Tuesday the 18th when the normal supply to Roker was restored.
ELECTRICITY.. Incendiary Bombs were dropped on the Hylton Road Generating Station but there was no damage. At Dunning Street, incendiary bombs set fire to the offices and stores in which a stock of stationery was destroyed. Damage to EHT feeders interrupted the supply to three Industrial consumers for a short period during non-working hours, but the supply was restored on alternative feeders within one hour. One medium pressure switch gear was lost and two transformers were damaged. In the Fulwell area, fairly extensive damage was caused to the NESCo network and the supply was off for 10 hours 50 minutes. The supply was also interrupted in the Marley Potts and High Southwick areas for 12 hours 15 minutes and 14 hours 15 minutes respectively.
GAS MAINS.. Stoppage of gas was caused in the Roker area by water from a broken water main at the Parkside Terrace incident. About 200 houses were affected. The water was cleared and the supply restored by Tuesday evening the 18th. There was no stoppage of gas supply to Industrial works in any district.
SEWERS.. The main Low Street outfall sewer was seriously damaged for a length of about 25 yards. An overflow has been put into operation discharging into the River. One of the main trunks of the Roker Gill Sewer was fractured for a length of 30 yards in Grantham Road and the work of repair is in progress. Other minor damage was caused to subsidiary sewers.
ARP HEADQUARTERS, "Thornholme", SUNDERLAND. 20th May 1943
LIST OF EXPLOSIVES ETC. DROPPED BY ENEMY AIRCRAFT, 16th MAY, 1943.
|S1||FP||ex||Field East of Railway and Shields Road|
|S5||FP||ux||Between Newcastle Rd& Railway, S road junction|
|02.10||S7||PM||ex||In field East Railway& North Ambleside Tce.|
|02.16||S8||PM||ex||Junction Cairns& Newcastle Rds.|
|02.18||S9||HE||ex||Junction Atkinson Rd& Rosedale Tce.||1000kg|
|02.10||S10||HE||ux||East Bk Coley Tce.||50kg|
|02.10||S12||PM||ux||Grange Park Avenue, S Side|
|S13||HE||South of Nth Hylton Rd near boundary||250kg|
|02.10||S14||PM||ex||Playing Field, Thompson Park?|
|02.07||S16||HE||ex||On Railway east end Westburn Tce.||250kg|
|02.00||S17||HE||ex||Roker Pk Football Ground. N Stand.||500kg|
|02.00||S18||HE||ex||Football Car Park, Grantham Rd||500kg|
|02.00||S19||HE||ex||Car Park, east end Park.||250kg|
|02.10||S21||HE||ex||Junction Givens St& Cooper St||250kg|
|02.10||S22||HE||ex||Railway nr Power House 31-33, Givens St||50kg|
|02.05||S23||IB||Junction Sunderland Rd& Cornhill Rd||ABB 500|
|02.20||S24||HE||ex||E Back Gladstone St.Sth Cardwell St||250kg|
|02.12||S25||HE||ex||Hood St N of Crozier St||50kg|
|02.05||S26||HE||ex||Southwick Rd opposite Albany St||50kg|
|02.15||S27||HE||ex||Railway Goods Yard, Portobello Lane||50kg|
|02.15||S28||HE||ex||Glass Works, Portobello Lane||250kg|
|02.15||S29||HE||ex||Fulwell Rd 100 yards north Roker Ave||250kg|
|02.15||S30||FP||ex||Stansfield St 50 yards north Roker Ave.|
|02.15||S31||HE||ex||Monk St east end||250kg|
|02.25||S32||FP||ex||Junction Dame Dorothy St& Bloomfield St|
|02.25||S35||HE||ex||J.L. Thompson's, Manor Quay (in river)|
|02.25||S36||HE||ex||On foreshore 70 yards S Roker N Pier||250kg|
|02.25||S37||HE||ex||J.L. Thompson's, North Sands||500kg|
|02.15||S38||HE||ux||In garden 6, Netherburn Rd||500kg|
|02.25||S39||FP||ex||J.L. Thompson's, Southwick shipyard (on beach)|
|S40||HE||ux||98, Victor St|
|S45||HE||ex||Fenwick's Brewery, Low Street|
|S46||HE||ux||14, Cecil Street||50kg|
|S47||HE||ux||24, Cecil St||50kg|
|S48||HE||ux||In street from Royalty to Summerhill|
|S49||FP||ex||Railway embankment near Cleft St|
|S50||HE||ex||do do Wilkinson's Stables, Holmeside.|
|S51||HE||ux||Chester Rd entrance to Bishopwearmouth Cem.|
|S52||HE||ux||Footpath Chester Rd outside above entrance|
|S53||HE||ux||Back 2, Abingdon St|
|S54||HE||ex||Chocolate Factory, Eden Place|
|S55||HE||ux||Back 3, Otto Terrace|
|S56||HE||ux||Outside No 15, Oakwood St||1000kg|
|S57||HE||ux||Roadway west end Oakwood St||1000kg|
|S58||HE||ex||Azalea Tce. South|
|S59||HE||ex||10, 12& 14, Azalea Avenue|
|S60||HE||ex||Back Mayfair Dairies, New Durham Rd||500kg|
|S62||HE||ex||28-29, Alexandra Park|
|S63||HE||ex||Back Alexandra Park|
|S64||HE||ex||25, Alexandra Park|
|S65||HE||ex||In a field behind 27, Alexandra Park|
|S66||HE||ux||No 7, Belle Vue Park|
|S67||HE||ux||Back 9& 11, Otto Tce|
|S68||PM||ex||147-153, Perth Road|
|S69||PM||ux||East of Silksworth Lane, at boundary|
|S70||PM||ux||Field at Tunstall Hill Fm, Leechmere Rd North.|
|S72||PM||ux||Waldron Square, off Ryhope Road|
|S73||HE||ux||Clark's Farm, west of Ryhope Road|
|S75||FP||ex||7& 8, Deptford Road|
|S76||HE||ux||Yard at 25, The Royalty|
|S78||FP||ex||10 feet from Linden Road (in field)|
|S79||FP||ex||40 feet north-west of S78|
|S80||FP||ex||19 yards south-west of S79|
|S81||FP||ex||20 yards south-west of S80|
|S82||FP||ex||7 yards west of S81|
|S83||FP||ex||18 yards west of north of S82|
|S84||FP||ex||8 yards east of S 83|
|S85||PhIB||ex||20 yards north-east of S84|
|S86||PhIB||ex||36 yards north-east of S85|
|S87-S93||FP||Stick of 7 in line 90 yards SW of S83|
|S94||FP||ex||Power Station, Farringdon Row|
|S95||HE||ex||North Austin's Bridge Dock, in river|
|S96||Greenwell's, South Dock (oil tanks)|
|S97||HE||ex||West side Barrack St|
|S98||HE||ex||East side Barrack St|
|S99||IB||King'sTheatre, Crowtree Road||AB 36|
|S100||IB||Avenue Paint Works, Swinbank Street||AB 36|
|S101||IB||Sir James Laing's shipyard, Deptford||ABB 500|
|S107||FP||ux||51, Alexandra Park|
|S108||IB||Eye Infirmary, Queen Alexandra Rd||ABB 500|
|S109||HE||ux||29, The Westlands||250kg|
|S110||HE||ux||35, The Westlands||500kg|
|S111||HE||ux||14 Colchester Terrace||50kg|
|S112||HE||ux||Bishopwearmouth Cemetery, near Chester Road|
|S113||IB||Bow Street - Varna Street||ABB 500|
|S114||In river at Harbour Entrance|
|S116||FP||ex||Pier wall 100 yds from old S Pier Lighthouse|
|S117||FP||ex||120 yards from old South Pier Lighthouse|
|S118||FP||ex||In mud bank on south side of Old S Pier|
|S119||In the sea south of Old South Pier|
|S121||100 yards off base of new South Pier|
|S122||PhIB||ex||In field S of North Moor Farm, Shields Road|
|S128||PhIB||ex||8, Hardwick Street|
|S129||PhIB||ex||Back of 46, Dame Dorothy Street|
|S130||?||On mud bank near Laing's slipway|
South Shields.. Three galvanised metal containers fell in a residential area. Two failed to open but the third liberated a quantity of leaflets the text of which read:- "Here is the reason why the British Government says nothing about shipping losses." it then gave a list of 412 ships supposedly sunk from June 1941 (four of them were actually in the Tyne at the time of the raid). Five more containers were found on Cleadon Hill
02.00.. Co Durham.. A PM exploded at Seaham Harbour causing thirty-four fatal casualties, forty-two persons were seriously injured. A number of people were trapped in damaged houses. Twelve houses were demolished and ten seriously damaged. 200 persons accommodated in Rest Centre. Overhead electric cables were damaged.
02.00.. Co Durham.. One PM exploded and one UXPM fell near Offerton Village. A number of houses were damaged. Offerton Village was completely evacuated and railway traffic on the Penshaw-Sunderland line was suspended. Two unclassified roads were closed.
02.05.. Co Durham.. One PM fell on the outskirts of Silksworth causing superficial damage to house and shop property, but no casualties.
02.10.. Co Durham.. One HE was dropped at Boldon Colliery causing damage to an Infants School and a large number of houses. One male later died from injuries sustained and one male and two females were slightly injured. GPO underground cables, water and gas mains were damaged.
02.10.. Co Durham.. One HE fell at West Boldon, no damage or casualties.
02.10.. Co Durham.. A single HE fell at Castletown causing slight injuries to one male and three females. The Washington-Sunderland road was blocked.
02.15.. Co Durham.. Two UXPMs fell near Old Burdon between Houghton le Spring and Seaham Harbour. The B.1404 was closed pending the UXPMs being rendered safe.
02.15.. Co Durham.. One HE fell at New Seaham slightly damaging houses.
02.20.. Co Durham.. A PM exploded at North Hylton causing slight damage to farm buildings but no casualties.
02.20.. Co Durham.. Six HEs were dropped in the Whitburn area causing slight damage to about forty houses and injuries to two males and two females. Leaflets dropped in the Whitburn area regarding British shipping losses.
02.30.. Co Durham.. One HE fell in a field at Ryhope causing no casualties.
03.00.. Co Durham.. A gas main was damaged near Silksworth by a PM which exploded in Sunderland Borough.
03.00.. Co Durham.. A house at Seaham was damaged by an AA Shell.
6/KG2 Dornier Do 217K-1 (4584). Shot down by Flying Officer Keele and Flying Officer Cowles in a Beaufighter of No 604 Squadron. Crashed into the sea, thirty-five miles E of Sunderland 02.15. Obergefr G. Kaber and Uffz A. Richter missing. Bodies of Uffz K. Roos and Uffz B. Mittelstädt recovered from the sea. Aircraft U5+DP sank.
Night 1351. All times DST. Blackout begins: 23.05, ends: 04.58
Public Alert: 01.44, All-Clear: 03.09
Industrial Alarm: 01.57, Release: 02.36
A Typhoon fighter based at Milfield airfield, near Wooler, crashed at 11.15, in Ford Westfield Woods. The aircraft left Milfield just before 11.15 when it reached about 200' the engine stalled and the machine crashed to the ground. The pilot, a Flight Lieutenant was killed.
It was announced that signposts are to be re-erected in rural Britain as the fear of invasion recedes.
A father and son from Seaton Delaval in Northumberland were prosecuted by the Ministry of Labour and National Service, charged with being persistently late for work without a reasonable excuse. They were both fined 40s. (£2.00). - a sizeable sum for the period!
Day 1356. All times DST. Blackout ends: 04.52, begins: 23.14
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